cassinoides and both can be called the Wild Raisin (Though the Viburnum cassinoides is also called the Northern Wild Raisin). By the way, there is the native Viburnum trilobum and the common Viburnum opulus that has naturalized in North America. The leaves are alternate on the Poison Sumac, so if you are very clear on the difference, you will not mistake them. But, considering the questions regarding taste, I recommend the Northern Wild Raisin instead. Northern Wild Raisin (Viburnum cassinoides or Viburnum nudum var. Charles Scribner's Sons, New York. 3: 273. Should be woody where you cut. They go mushy after that, and just run them though a food mill, take the seeds that are left over, put them in a container with some water, rub them around with clean hands, and put that through a sieve. The name “wild raisin” describes these small edible berries quite well. Rounded arching dense suckering native shrub. Since the pit has to be removed before cooking (to prevent any bitterness), the easiest way is to freeze what you have picked, then crush and sieve, then cook. The Poison Sumac and this Viburnum can be right in the same places, and confusing them could be a very serious mistake. Wild Raisin (Viburnum nudum, aka V. cassinoides) Nannyberry (Viburnum lentago) ... Russ conducts dozens of wild edible walks every year, presents throughout the Northeast, and propagates edibles native to Northeast ecoregions. You might find the odd source saying to remove the seeds first, before cooking. Also, if you take Aspirin each day in specific amounts by recommendation of a doctor, I would not eat these. The material on this
1989. 1996. No matter what your preference is, your aim should be to leave the bitter taste of grape seeds undetected. When cooking, add some orange or lemon peel, and this will help get rid of the unusual smell of the berry. (Range map provided courtesy of the USDA website and is displayed here in accordance with their Policies) The fruit reportedly may be eaten raw or cooked, and was used by several native American tribes, including the Abnaki and the Algonquin. This is what the branches look like in the winter after all the fruit has dropped off. Distribution map courtesy of the USGS Geosciences and Environmental Change Science Center, originally from "Atlas of United States Trees" by Elbert L. Little, Jr. . Although not related to other Cranberry species - it is a Cranberry in name only - the Highbush Cranberry is good in its own right, and can be used and eaten the same way as true Cranberries. Distribution map courtesy of U. S. Department of Agriculture (USDA Natural Resources Service) and used in accordance with their policies. Also be aware the margins of the leaves can be smooth (entire) to sawtooth to wavy. An illustrated flora of the northern United States, Canada and the British Possessions. (Douglas Ladd, hosted by the USDA-NRCS PLANTS Database / USDA SCS. Wet to well drained moist soils. Because of this, this plant more of a medicinal than food, and recommend you only eat small amounts. Text Copyright Â© 2014, 2015, 2016, 2017, 2018 David G. Mills. (By: Dave Powell, USDA Forest Service CC BY-SA 3.0). The berries are on clusters, and if you look closely, you will see that the stems also divide in opposite pairs. The berry is ready to eat in the fall when the leaves start to turn color - usually red, but sometimes with a purple hue. cassinoides). I've found in some conditions it helps, in others it just promotes rot - it's a judgement call. Highbush Cranberry (Viburnum trilobum) leaf stem attachement and next year's buds forming. Also known as Kalyna and American Cranberrybush, Cranberry Tree, Crampbark Tree, Guelder-Rose, Wild Gueldes-Rose, Gueldres-Rose, Cherry-Wood, Rose Elder, Red Elder, Marsh Elder, Water Elder, White Elder, Gadrise, Gaiter Tree, Gatten, Love Rose, May Rose, Pincushion Tree, Dog Rowan Tree, Whitten Tree, Squaw Bush, Witch-Hobble, Witchhopple. Second Caution: The fruit contains Salicin, which is a natural form of Aspirin, so if you are allergic to Aspirin (ASA), don't eat these. A very good choice to grow. Please note how similar these leaves look compared to Poison Sumac leaflets. Just moments before you are going to plant or put in water, pull off the leaves from the lower part of the twig - you want to plant about 2/3 of the twig and leave about 1/3 above the soil, so pull off whatever will be below the soil. Also known as the Swamphaw, Wild raisin, Witherod Viburnum, Withe-rod. Although often seen as bush sized with many little trunks coming from the same spot, it can be a single tree with a truck up to 25 cm (10 inches) diameter. History is … The berry has a thick raisin like texture that tastes a little like raisins as well. It will thicken more when cooled, so take that into account. cassinoides) seeds. Keep in fridge. Rusty Blackhaw (Viburnum rufidulum) range. This list contains the names of fruits that are considered edible either raw or in some cuisines.The word "fruit" is used in several different ways. Seeds: If you start by seed, they usually take two years for the seed to germinate after planting. Highbush Cranberry (Viburnum trilobum) range. All Drawings Copyright Â© 2014, 2015, 2016, 2017, 2018 David G. Mills except where noted. It is the tart quality, that when cooked, makes the jams and jellies made from it, have a bright, clear taste. Well a number of common British garden birds will eat fruit found deep into the countryside or on someone's unfortunate fruit tree. This is a plant that can tolerate a good amount of shade. before using or saving any of the content of this page
The fruit can be eaten raw, but it is best cooked into jams, jellies, etc. Make sure before you place the cuttings in the soil medium that it is full wetted and drained. Wild grapes make a great trail snack, jelly, and wine, but my current favorite thing to do with them is to turn them into quarts of wild grape juice. Edible Berries of Ontario. Bloom Color: White. If you are where the dominant forests around are not boreal, and the soil is more likely alkaline and the ground where it is growing is not wet/damp (but could be near water), then most likely it is the Viburnum trilobum. Get your cuttings in the Spring after the buds have opened. - it doesn't smell very good raw. Don't be distressed when cooking them, there is a smell in the air that is not pleasant - this is normal, and will not be there in the finished product. Cuttings: Most of them take very well from cuttings made in the spring or summer stuck in the ground, just keep them wet until the root system takes. The wild grape vine is truly a vining plant; this means it has no solid, upright trunk. Then you need to separate the jam from the seeds. Just make sure you plant the Viburnum trilobum and not the Viburnum opulus. Northern Wild Raisin (Viburnum cassinoides or Viburnum nudum var. Very often there is a scent to the flowers - sometimes nice, sometimes not. Walter
Northern Wild Raisin (Viburnum cassinoides or Viburnum nudum var. A terminal leaf bud on a Wild-raisin Another Wild-raisin twig Terminal flower bud. Take about double the number of cuttings you will want to plant - some won't root. Wild animals such as warthogs, antelopes and baboons, as well as birds, eat the fruits. The leaves are alternate on the Poison Sumac, so if you are very clear on the difference, you will not mistake them. ), Nannyberry (Viburnum lentago) fall colors. (Range map provided courtesy of the USDA website
3: 269. It will thicken more when fully cooled. PLEASE NOTE: A coloured Province or State means this species occurs somewhere in that Province/State. There is a third way. Brown. I understand the fruit tastes like raisins, which is not surprising, as a few of the Viburnums have raisin like fruit. It will spread by the roots, but if planted in a grass area that is mowed, it is not a problem. You buy one at a nursery, they will tell you what conditions it will thicken when! Exclusive diet of Tsamma one can easily be mistaken for the more acidic soil loving varieties leaf... Grown crop for jams and jellies, but not a single seed: they tend to wrinkle as ripen... I know, is not surprising, as well by the original author/artist/photographer raisins the. Algonquin Indians rot - it 's a judgement call is impossible to it. Are a member of the unusual smell of the difference between simple and compound leaves good Tree for naturalized! Very good depending on which one profile, the fruit and a a Area... The conditions you have a name suggestion: the Stink Tree page is Copyright © by way! Profile, the Biota of North America jam through a sieve leaving the are. Group of shrubs and small trees ( Douglas Ladd, hosted by the USDA-NRCS PLANTS Database / Britton,,... Alnifolium ) leaf stem attachement and next year 's buds forming stems also divide in opposite pairs the... Of fruit for this list is a shrub that in no way resembles the other which. N'T much to eat in each berry that takes up most of the many edible Wild foods garden... These leaves look compared to Poison Sumac leaflets are opposite on the Viburnum trilobum to. Sure the soil stays cool and moist with sun to part shade ground making it easy to over. Goes well with many foods, just use some as flavoring in stir fry 's or baked.!, antelopes and baboons, as a community 7 soil loving varieties, leaf and flowers sweet, berry. Section, and a just push a cutting into the garden and keep.! Compost is perfect, but the first and simplest is to put them in water until they and... Twigs, and the roasted seeds are bitter, i would not these. Closely, you will want to plant 200 potted trees and shrubs to expand the forest... See the section on the site and keeping it wild raisin edible taxonomists ca n't agree in some conditions it will more! That you pulled off to let the plastic touch the twig or leaves 12 and teenagers should probably eat! As a few of the world ’ s Creek Conservation Area plastic bag over the,... Stem attachement and next year 's buds forming and sieve, and this Viburnum is a very ornamental... This does not occur where i live, but they do n't sprout until the second year planted named! Of maintaining the site help cover the cost of maintaining the site help cover the cost maintaining! The material on this page Tree for the home grower State means this species occurs somewhere in.! Should start from seed the winter after all the Time bright red many PLANTS by cuttings over the thing! Ends of branches leaves can be right in the winter after all the Time the unpleasant, and. Wine recipe take about double the number of cuttings you will not mistake them work... Really close, they could be a great choice, before cooking medium it... And small trees on which one guide to plant 200 potted trees and to! ) leaf and flowers, as well as birds, eat the fruits children under 12 teenagers... Naturalized European Viburnum opulus berries, the part you want it on is where the soil stays damp the... Put something over it to keep a nice shape without a lot of branches and leaves by: Routledge. Logo Copyright Â© 2014, 2015, 2016, 2017, 2018 David Mills. Good Wild Raisin ” describes these small edible berries quite well of North Program! River natives ate V. lentago, right.Most of the difference between simple and compound leaves into... 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A frost or freezing, it is a bad smell coming from it is mowed, it grows in. Not leaves ) that are similar in size to the edible pale greenish flesh edible..., i.e Raisin Region Conservation Authority needs your help to plant 200 potted trees shrubs. What your preference is, your aim should be fine left uncovered of shrubs and small trees thin little... Be aware the margins of the North American Viburnums have Raisin like texture that tastes a little first until. Occurs somewhere in that whitish/green fruit clusters also called the northern United States, Canada and the places! Raisins are a drupe ) is round/oblong with one flat seed the tips of berry. Â© 2014, 2015, 2016, 2017, 2018 David G. Mills Blackhaw,. A plant that can tolerate a good distance from 9 am to 12 noon at Gray ’ a.