Reviewed August 2009 Agdex 460/50-5 Feeding Working and Performance Horses The horse is an incredible athlete, excelling at both maximal sprinting, such as racing or rodeo events, and low-intensity, long duration activities I’m reluctant to feed him straight alfalfa, as he’s quite a hot horse by nature. At Standlee Premium Western Forage®, quality starts in the field, where we carefully nurture and harvest our fields to meet product specifications and exceed quality standards. While this has led to the thought that alfalfa is a “richer” feed then grass, it does not mean that it has more carbohydrates. Sweat losses of up to 15 litres/hour can occur during high intensity exercise where horses are travelling at between 30 – 35 km/hour. Horses are also a bit unique in that their sweat glands love to leak out sodium and chloride (Na+ and Cl-), more so than humans or other animals. You can then add tea to your dog’s food or water, about 1/4 cup per 10 lbs. [33] It is moderately sensitive to salt levels in both the soil and irrigation water, although it continues to be grown in the arid southwestern United States, where salinity is an emerging issue. There is a reason alfalfa is still used for feeding to horses today and that’s because it is safe and nutritious. For dogs this can include wheat and other grains, and animals proteins Others include: soy, corn, alfalfa, timothy, molasses, oats, barley, and beet pulp. Like other animals that have sweat glands, horses have sweat glands, too. Horses with considerable amounts of pheomelanin (bay, chestnut, buckskin, palomino, dun) are especially sensitive to dietary changes. As a result, if you fed your horse enough alfalfa to make them feel full, then you would likely be feeding them too much energy in their diet, and they could certainly act “too hot”. Professor, Equine Nutrition Department of Animal and Food Sciences University of Kentucky Lexington, KY 40546-0215 llawrenc@uky.edu How Much Hay Does A Vondran S., Venner M., Coenen M., Vervuert I. The reason alfalfa gets a bad rap for making horses “hot” is because alfalfa is higher in digestible energy and lower in acid detergent fiber (ADF) and neutral detergent fiber (NDF) than grass hay. The pH of gastric fluid in horses withheld from feed for several hours has consistently been measured to be 2.0 or lower (highly acidic). If you feed them with a long-stem fiber source, the pellets can replace calories lost … Sweating in normal amounts is an essential process that helps regulate your body’s temperature. MYTH #7: Alfalfa hay is the best-quality choice for my horse. After exercise, recovery is For most horses this is usually not an issue as they are able to sweat and easily dissipate the excess heat. Alfalfa Myths vs. Facts Myth: The high protein in alfalfa causes osteochondritis dissecans (OCD), a joint disease of young horses. by herbologists, biologists, chiropractors and biochemists. It`s not "no alfalfa for performance horses", it`s "no alfalfa EXCLUSIVELY for performance horses". if yes, which would be the worse in making horses "hot" also, i have been told that feeding alfalfa hay to non-active horses can cause liver or kidney damage - is this true ? Does alfalfa make horses hot? They can also lose about 4 gallons of water per hour during exercise (depending on duration, humidity, level of exercise, etc.) The primary reason is because it`s too high in protein. Horses secrete stomach acid continuously whether or not they are fed. Depending on While education plays a major role in determining a horse's behaviour under saddle, feeding can also have an impact. As for my horse, I have started feeding him alfalfa/timothy cubes as part of his forage ration. Janet F. Roser Abstract: Historically, alfalfa had a slow start as a feed for horses. However, the 50/50 mix does not seem to make him overly Alfalfa can be sown in spring or fall, and does best on well-drained soils with a neutral pH of 6.8–7.5. Reality Laurie Lawrence, Ph.D. Reducing nonstructural carbohydrates (starch and sugar) in the diet by limiting cereal grain intake can help manage RER. Losing His Cool Even coupled with the cooling effects of breathing and radiant heat loss from skin, sweating may not be enough to keep up with increases in the horse's body temperature. Alfalfa hay is rich in calcium and adding it to the diet of horses with poor hoof quality can help improve structural soundness of the hoof wall. For horses that are mature idle horses, the oat hay can make up a significant portion of the forage in the diet. Because your horse's sweat has a higher concentration of electrolytes than yours does, he's slower to develop an electrolyte imbalance and slower to feel thirsty. Horses provided too much alfalfa often will eat more than they need nutritionally to satisfy their need to fill their gut, which can result in obesity. Does alfalfa cause kidney or respiratory problems or make horses hyper? Alfalfa pellets for horses usually come in fifty-pound bags and can be found at almost any feed store. Wheat is among the foods that horses are becoming food intolerant to. As long as the residual moisture and heat can dissipate, the highest storage DOES ALFALFA HAVE A FUTURE FOR HORSES IN CALIFORNIA? Horses will have very little, patchy or no sweat, elevated pulse, and a higher than normal body temperature when worked or when the weather is hot enough that most horses sweat while just standing. Most recently, a team of researchers found evidence that sweat glands of horses with anhidrosis secrete chloride ions differently than other horses. [31] [32] Alfalfa requires sustained levels of potassium and phosphorus to grow well. Zinc is important in formation of healthy skin, hair, and hooves because it plays a role in There is nothing quite as unnerving or unenjoyable as riding a horse that is completely full of itself and constantly reacting before thinking. When fed in conjunction with alfalfa cubes and beet pulp they are more beneficial. No Sweat While excessive sweating can leave a horse dehydrated, a horse who doesn't sweat may be in greater danger because he has no effective way to unload the heat that builds up in his body. Read on to find out more about what alfalfa is, the potential alfalfa … Expected heating at this moisture level should only reach about 110 to 120F in storage – and this is considered ‘normal heating’ or ‘the sweat’. During the … You can also make a tea by boiling 1 quart of water and adding 4 tsp dried alfalfa; steep for 10 – 20 minutes, strain and allow to cool. i know that alfalfa hay can make horses "hot" but can senior grain, or COB, or horse mix do the same ? Specialists shed light on these myths and more. Despite all the science-backed suggestions about feeding alfalfa, it … (2017) Effects of alfalfa chaff on the gastric mucosa in adult horses. Selecting alfalfa hay with moderate protein content and providing additional diet fortification with minerals, help make this a balanced forage for horses. FACT: Though horses definitely seem to prefer alfalfa in a side-by-side taste test with grass hay, alfalfa is far too high in protein for most adult horses. Pferdeheilkunde 33, 66-71; DOI 10.21836/PEM20170109 Pferdeheilkunde 33, 66-71; DOI 10.21836/PEM20170109 Hindsight is 20/20. A concern with oat hay is nitrate levels. A horse can sweat (and should sweat) during exercise; may sweat when it is in pain, under duress, or ill; and may sweat w Many young chestnut foals These horses typically have thick, foamy sweat which does not cool them as effectively as the thin, watery sweat, so they end up sweating more which dehydrates the body further. Alfalfa is a very rich hay all by itself. Scratches Horses who eat a diet high in protein, tend to have scratches on their pasterns and legs. Chloride is a component of normal sweat along with sodium, potassium, calcium, magnesium and other minerals ( electrolytes ). Red tends to sweat more than our other horses … Also called perspiration, sweating is the release of a salt-based fluid from your sweat … Horses that received On a more subtle level a horse that won't concentrate or continually overreacts to aids is frustrating. Yes, they do! Alfalfa: The Father of All Food Alfalfa has been called a Mineral Bouquet, Father of All Food, King of the Plant World, Nature’s Healing Miracle, and Poor Man’s Medicine by herbologists, biologists, chiropractors and biochemists. But when a horse isn’t able to sweat, it … Linseed oil, alfalfa, clover, and legume hay make hair darker. Feeding straight alfalfa to horses with RER is not advised, as this may lead to excess energy, which may manifest as nervous behavior and trigger an episode of tying-up. If the hay was harvested after a frost or the grain crop was hurt by drought, the Sweating is very important for a horse. Sweating is part of a horse’s cooling system to relieve heat build-up. With the added increase in grain concentrates, it was just enough to push Red over the edge. Alfalfa can be an excellent addition to most horses’ diets, even for those that are insulin resistant (IR). Switching abruptly from a mature-grass hay to an alfalfa hay diet can, however, cause colic in horses if they aren’t given time to adjust. Fact: High protein does not cause OCD.Rather, low protein is a risk factor for OCD. 12 Alfalfa Hay for Horses: Myths vs. Because your horse's sweat has a higher concentration of electrolytes than yours does, he's slower to develop an electrolyte imbalance and slower to feel thirsty. 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